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Personal cybersecurity is "an essential first line of defense for reporters everywhere", writes Spencer Woodman, a reporter for the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, in this article on the ICIJ website. He highlights some tools journalists can use to protect themselves and their sources.

Woodman advises reporters to strengthen their online presence by creating strong passwords that are not re-used across devices, using a tool such as KeePassXC, which will make it easier to store and keep track of passwords.

He also recommends communicating with an end-to-end encrypted app like Signal to make sure your phone calls and text messages won't get hacked, as well as ensuring any files you store and share online are kept safe. Tools such as SpiderOak and Jungle Disk can be used to encrypt your material on your device before uploading it to the cloud.

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